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Почему собака постоянно лает



Что делать, если Ваша собака постоянно и много лает? Вначале необходимо выяснить причины данного явления. К ним относятся: агрессия, одиночество, игра, реакция на раздражители, стереотипное поведение, страх, а также ситуации, когда собаки выпрашивают что-то при помощи лая.

Очень часто проблема проявляется в ситуациях, когда собака начинает лаять, услышав лай другой собаки, что является непосредственной реакцией на звуковой раздражитель (лай другой собаки). При передаче настроения собака начинает лаять в ответ на другую собаку, но не останавливается на этом, а переносит свой лай на другой раздражитель (человек, шум, другая собака). С биологической точки зрения, передача настроения координирует поведение и настроение/мотивацию членов стаи для формирования нужного поведения, направленного на защиту всей группы (когда все члены стаи облаивают чужака).

Итак, ещё раз подробно остановимся на возможных причинах, объясняющих почему лает собака:

1. Естественная реакция на неожиданные или опасные раздражители. Лай действует как предупредительный сигнал для других членов стаи, он должен привлечь их внимание изаставить посмотреть в ту сторону, куда лает собака. Также собаки облаивают потенциальную добычу.

2. Высокий уровень возбуждения - низкий порог торможения (генетические различия между породами). Часто бывает связан с патологическими страхами.

3. Непреднамеренное поощрение, к которому относятся попытки успокоить собаку, чтобы добиться прекращения лая. Например, давая ей лакомство во время лая, хозяин усиливает желание собаки подавать голос в подобных ситуациях.

4. Хозяин не является авторитетом для своей собаки и не способен подавлять отклоняющееся от нормы поведение.В данном случае лай является симптомом доминантной агрессии.

5. Передача настроения (лай, передающийся от одной собаке к другой). Данный вид лая заразителен. Он заставляет лаять других собак, которые не стали бы делать это в одиночестве. Наблюдается при содержании нескольких животных в одном помещении.

6. Окружение (неадекватная реакция вследствие стресса или конфликта). Часто проявляется у животных, испытывающих неудовлетворённую потребность в играх, физической активности. Лай от скуки.

7. Недостаточное обучение послушанию. Объясняется тем, что хозяин никогда не занимался обучением собаки.

8. Ошибочные взгляды хозяев:мнение, что лай – показатель хороших рабочих качеств сторожевой собаки.

В зависимости от причины должны подбираться соответствующие меры, как отучить собаку лаять в нежелательных ситуациях. Проанализировав все типичные моменты, вызывающие собачий лай, можно понять, что конкретно вызывает эту проблему и устранить предрасполагающие факторы с коррекцией стереотипного поведения животного. Оптимально при этом следовать советам специалиста по поведению собак (зоопсихолога), который поможет выявить причины неправильного поведения вашей собаки и даст советы по их устранению.


Дата публикации: 2013-18-01 11:01:25


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rotation kamagra 100mg reputable site lumbar Right and left middle regions near the waist.Several major studies have questioned the health benefits and risks of hormone therapy including the risk of developing breast cancer heart attacks strokes and blood clots.A Class lever has the fulcrum at one end and the load at the other.The force F n includes the weight W the surface. cialis english Pronunciation Guide a as in a pe a as in a pple e as in e ven e as in e very i as in i ce i as in i nterest o as in o pen o as in p o t u as in u nit u as in u nder Vocabulary and Terminology TERM PRONUNCIATION MEANING absorption a bS O RPsh u n achlorhydria a chl o rH I Dr e a amino acids a M E n o A S i dz amylase A M i l a s anastomosis a n a st o M O s i s anus A n u s appendectomy a p e nD E Kt o m E appendicitis a p e nd i S I t i s appendix a P E Nd i ks bile b i l biliary B I L e a r e bilirubin b i l i ROOb i n bowel B O W e l buccal mucosa B U K a l m u K O s a canine teeth K A n i n t e th cecal S E k a l cecum S E k u m celiac S E l e a k cheilosis k i L O s i s cholecystectomy k o l e s i sT E Kt o m e choledocholithiasis k o l e d o k o l i TH I a s i s choledochojejunostomy k o l e d o k o j i j u N O St o m e choledochotomy k o l e d o K O T o m e DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TERM PRONUNCIATION MEANING cholelithiasis k o l e l i TH I a s i s colon K O l o n colonic k o L O N i k colonoscopy k o l o n O Sk o p e colostomy k o L O St o m e common bile duct K O M o n b i l d u kt defecation d e f e K A sh u n deglutition d e glooT I SH u n dentibuccal d e nt i B U K a l dentin D E Nt i n digestion d i J E STy u n duodenal d u o D E n a l or d u O D e n a l duodenum d u o D E n u m or d u O D e n u m elimination e l i m i N A sh u n emulsication e m u ls i f i K A sh u n enamel e N A M e l endodontist e nd o D O Nt i st enterocolitis e nt e r o k o L I t i s enteroenterostomy e nt e r o e nt e r O St o m e enzyme E Nz i m esophageal e s o f a J E a l esophagus e S O F a g u s fatty acids F A Tt e A s i dz facial F A sh u l feces F E s e z gallbladder GAWLbl a d e r gastrointestinal tract g a str o i nT E St i n a l tr a ct gastrojejunostomy g a str o j e j u N O St o m e gastrostomy g a sTR O St o m e gingivitis j i nj i V I t i s gluconeogenesis glook o n e o J E N e s i s DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TERM PRONUNCIATION MEANING glucose GLOOk o s glycogen GL I k o j e n glycogenolysis gl i k o j e N O L i s i s hepatoma h e p a T O m a hepatomegaly h e p a t o M E G a l E hydrochloric acid h i dr o KL O R i k A s i d hyperbilirubinemia h i p e rb i l i roob i N E m e a hyperglycemia h i p e rgl i S E m e a hypoglossal h i p o GL O s a l ileitis i l e I t i s ileocecal sphincter i l e o S E k a l SF I NKt e r ileostomy i l e O St o m e ileum I L e u m incisor i nS I z o r insulin I Ns u l i n jejunum j e JOOn u m labial L A b e a l laparoscopy l a p a R O Sk o p e lipase L I p a s lithogenesis l i th o J E N e s i s liver L I v e r lower esophageal sphincter L O W e r e s o f a J E a l SF I NKt e r mastication m a st i K A sh u n mesentery M E S e nt e r e molar teeth M O l a r t e th oral O R a l orthodontist o rth o D O Nt i st palate P A L a t palatopharyngoplasty p a l a t o f a R I NGg o pl a st e palatoplasty P A L a t o pl a st e pancreas P A Nkr e a s pancreatitis p a nkr e a T I t i s papillae p a P I L e DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TERM PRONUNCIATION MEANING parenteral p a R E Nt e r a l parotid gland p a R O T i d gl a nd perianal p e r e A n a l periodontist p e r e o D O Nt i st peritonitis p e r i t o N I t i s peristalsis p e r i ST A Ls i s pharyngeal f a r a nJ E a l or f a R I Nj e a l pharynx F A R i nks portal vein P O Rt a l v a n postprandial p o stPR A Nd e a l premolar teeth pr e M O l a r t e th proctologist pr o kT O L o j i st protease PR O t e a se pulp p u lp pyloric sphincter p i L O R i k SF I NKt e r pyloroplasty p i L O R o pl a st e pylorus p i L O R u s rectocele R E Kt o s e l rectum R E Kt u m rugae ROOg e saliva s a L I v a salivary glands S A L i v a r e gl a ndz sialadenitis s i a l a d e N I t i s sialolith s i A L o l i th sigmoid colon S I Gmoyd K O l o n sigmoidoscopy s i gmoyd O Sk o p e sphincter SF I NKt e r steatorrhea st e a t o R E a stomach STOMak stomatitis st o m a T I t i s sublingual s u bL I NGw a l submandibular s u bm a nD I B u l a r DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TERM PRONUNCIATION MEANING triglycerides tr i GL I s e r i dz uvula U v u l a uvulectomy u v u L E Kt o m e villi V I L i Pathologic Terminology TERM PRONUNCIATION MEANING achalasia a k a hL A z e a anal stula A n a l F I St u l a anorexia a n o R E Ks e a aphthous stomatitis A Fth u s st o m a T I t i s ascites a S I t e z borborygmus b o rb o R I Gm u s cholelithiasis k o l e l i TH I a s i s cirrhosis s i rR O s i s colonic polyps k o L O N i k p o l i ps colorectal cancer k o l o R E Kt a l K A Ns e r constipation c o nst i P A sh u n Crohn disease kr o n d i Z E Z dental caries D E Nt a l K A R e z diarrhea d i a hR E a diverticula d i v e rT I K u l a diverticulitis d i v e rt i k u L I t i s diverticulosis d i v e rt i k u L O s i s dysentery D I S e nt e r e dysphagia d i sPH A j e a eructation e r u kT A sh u n esophageal cancer e s o f a J E a l K a Ns e r esophageal varices e s o f a J E a l V A R i s e z etiology e t e O L o j e atus FL A t u s DIGESTIVE SYSTEM TERM PRONUNCIATION MEANING gastric cancer G A Str i k K A Ns e r gastroesophageal reux disease g a str o e s o f a J E a l R E u x d i Z E Z hematochezia h e m a t o K E z e a hemorrhoids H E M o roydz herpetic stomatitis h e rP E T i k st o m a T I t i s hiatal hernia h i A t a l H E Rn e a icterus I Kt e r u s idiopathic i d e o P A TH i k ileus I L e u s inammatory bowel disease i nFL A m a t o r e B O W e l d i Z E Z inguinal hernia I NGw i n a l H E Rn e a intussusception i nt u ss u sS E Psh u n irritable bowel syndrome I R i t a bl B O W e l S I Ndr o m jaundice J A WNd i s lipoma l i P O m a melena M E L e n a or m e L E n a nausea N A Wz e a oral leukoplakia O R a l l u k o PL A k e a pancreatic cancer p a nkr e A t i c K A Ns e r pancreatitis p a nkr e a T I t i s peptic ulcer P E Pt i c U Ls e r periodontal disease p e r e o D O Nt a l d i Z E Z pyorrhea p i o rR E a ulcerative colitis U Ls e r a t i v k o L I t i s viral hepatitis V I r a l h e p a T I t i s volvulus V O Lv u l u s Note The Review Sheet for this chapter is combined with the Review Sheet for Chapter ontreatmentIt found its way into all manner of products from bath salts and toothpaste to bracelets and belts.Data from the Michigan Medicaid Birth Defects Study MMBDS has revealed an association between the use of furosemide and congenital abnormalities written communication Franz Rosa MD Food and Drug AdministrationChest Radiology CompanionThoughtful humane treatment of the mentally ill emerged during the Golden Age of Islam see pp. can you still get accutane from canada Mixed cellularity large numbers of Reed Sternberg cells in a pleomor phic background d.The first test you should obtain is an ultrasound of the carotid arteries to determine the degree of stenosis.Hyperhidrosis on line sales of viagra RUNNING HIGH JUMP In the preceding sections we calculated the height of a jump from a standing position and showed that the center of gravity could be raised about cm.Patients were cared for in different wards that specialized in surgery fractures fever eye diseases bowel problems and other conditions.Laxatives and cathartics are medications to promote movement of stools.Longstreth MD Department of Gastroenterology Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program San Diego California.The penis is composed of erectile tissue and at its tip expands to form a soft sensitive region called the glans penisElizabeth Chabner Thompson.These included Doctor John Fewster and Doctor Rolph both from Gloucestershire. gnc substitute for viagra et al.

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Physics in Medical DiagnosismolL APPENDIX IV Drugs Following is an alphabetized list of the drugs referred to in Chapter tables with brand names in parentheses and explanation of use including drug category andor class.The light is focused by the lens system of the eye into an inverted image at the photosensitive retina which covers the back surface of the eye. venta de kamagra en mexico anticoagulanta substance that prevents clottingd.In American author Edgar Allen Poe published The Premature Burial in which the central character is obsessed with waking up after being mistakenly entombed while unconscious from catalepsy.However glucose in pleural fluid can be low with other causes of pleural effusion TB esophageal rupture malignancy lupus. louer du propecia Consider obtaining cultures via bronchoscopy or transtracheal aspiration rather than simple expectoration to avoid contamination with oral flora.Treat coagulopathy with fresh frozen plasma.I remember my sneezing and itchy eyes started immediately after we visited a local forest preserve with my family in springIn bipolar disorder manic depressive illness the mood switches periodically from excessive mania excitability to deep depression sadness despair and discouragement. buy accutane uk no prescription buterus E 5 mg cialis prices The prostate gland produces fluid semen that nourishes and transports sperm.tachypneaIn some cases these abnormalities are present in diseasespecic neural cell types and tissues and are clear ly linked to pathogenic processes particularly in certain neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders.A fluid in a container exerts a force on all parts of the container in contact with the fluid.Clinical jaundice usually becomes evident when total bilirubin is mgdL. proscar showed efficacy and safety at doses of and mg and a phase III trial in men with ED confirmed a satisfactory efficacysafety profile Glina et al.Right heart catheterization reveals increased pulmonary artery pressure D.

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